Indonesia Independence Day 2007
People in Bali celebrating Independence day on 17 august 2007. Mostly portraits.
Indonesia Independence Celebration: History, Traditions, and Festivities
August 17th marks a significant day in the history of Indonesia - the country's Independence Day. It is a day of pride and celebration, commemorating the country's freedom from Dutch colonial rule in 1945. Indonesia's independence is celebrated throughout the country with numerous festivities and traditions. In this article, we will take a closer look at the history, traditions, and festivities of Indonesia's Independence Day.
History of Indonesia's Independence Day
The Colonial Period
Indonesia's history as a colony dates back to the 16th century when the Dutch began establishing trading posts throughout the archipelago. The Dutch East India Company (VOC) was established in 1602, and the Dutch slowly extended their control over the islands.
The Independence Movement
In the early 20th century, Indonesia's nationalist movement began to gain momentum, inspired by the ideas of independence and self-determination that were sweeping the globe. Sukarno, Indonesia's first president, and Mohammad Hatta, the first vice-president, declared Indonesia's independence on August 17th, 1945.
The Struggle for Recognition
Despite declaring independence, Indonesia still had to fight for its freedom. The Dutch government refused to recognize Indonesia's sovereignty and launched military operations to reestablish colonial control. It wasn't until four years later, in 1949, that the Dutch officially recognized Indonesia's independence.
Traditions and Festivities
Flag Hoisting Ceremony
The Independence Day celebrations in Indonesia begin with a flag hoisting ceremony at the presidential palace in Jakarta. The ceremony is attended by the president, government officials, and members of the public. The flag is hoisted at precisely 7:17 a.m., and the national anthem, "Indonesia Raya," is sung.
Street Parades and Decorations
Following the flag hoisting ceremony, there are street parades and decorations throughout the country, like here in Bali: